The Native Americans living there, in modern-day Virginia Beach, were known as the Chesapeake tribe The planned destination for the colony was the Chesapeake Bay, but ship captains dropped them off at Roanoke Island. However, Powhatan expanded his territory and eliminated the entire Chesapeake community about the time Jamestown was settled. His seizure of the territory may have resulted in the death of any colonists still alive from the settlement, and of any children of those colonists. The English who arrived starting in inquired about the fate of the colonists who had been "lost" for 20 years, but never identified any survivors.
Another river flowing into Chesapeake Bay is the Wicomico Rivernot to be confused with the tributary of the Potomac River.
There are over species of fish and numerous shellfish and crab species. Some of these include the Atlantic menhadenstriped bassAmerican eeleastern oysterand the blue crab. The manatee, recognizable due to distinct markings on its body, was nicknamed "Chessie" after a legendary sea monster that was allegedly sighted in the Bay during the 20th century.
Common submerged aquatic vegetation includes eelgrass and widgeon grass. A report in suggested that information on underwater grasses would be released, because "submerged grasses provide food and habitat for a number of species, adding oxygen to the water and improving water clarity.
It's highly invasive, and has the potential to flourish in the low-salinity tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay. Dense stands of Brazilian waterweed can restrict water movement, trap sediment and affect water quality.
Various local K schools in the Maryland and Virginia region often have programs that cultivate native bay The chesapeake bay watershed and plant them in the Bay. In this version, the Chesapeake Bay appears named for the first time.
The map is oriented with west at top. InItalian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano—in service of the French crownfamous for sailing through and thereafter naming the entrance to New York Bay as the " Verrazzano Narrows ", including now in the 20th century, a suspension bridge also named for him sailed past the Chesapeake, but did not enter the Bay.
Many scholars doubt the assertion that it was as far north as the Chesapeake; most place it in present-day Georgia 's Sapelo Island. The arrival of English colonists under Sir Walter Raleigh and Humphrey Gilbert in the late 16th century to found a colony, later settled at Roanoke Island off the present-day coast of North Carolina for the Virginia Companymarked the first time that the English approached the gates to Chesapeake Bay between the capes of Cape Charles and Cape Henry.
Three decades later, inEuropeans again entered the Bay. Department of the Interior following the route of Smith's historic 17th-century voyage.
The Bay would again see conflict during War of During the year offrom their base on Tangier IslandBritish naval forces under the command of Admiral George Cockburn raided and plundered several towns on the shores of the Chesapeake, treating the Bay as if it were a "British Lake".
The Chesapeake Bay Flotillaa fleet of shallow-draft armed barges under the command of U. Navy Commodore Joshua Barneywas assembled to stall British shore raids and attacks.
After months of harassment by Barney, the British landed on the west side of the Patuxent at Benedict, Marylandthe Chesapeake Flotilla was scuttled, and the British trekked overland to burn the US Capitol in August A few days later in a "pincer attack", they also sailed up the Potomac River to attack Fort Washington below the National Capital and demanded a ransom from the nearby port town of Alexandria, Virginia.
There were so-called " Oyster Wars " in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Until the midth century, oyster harvesting rivaled the crab industry among Chesapeake watermen, a dwindling breed whose skipjacks and other workboats were supplanted by recreational craft in the latter part of the century.
Navigation[ edit ] Lighthouses and lightships such as Chesapeake have helped guide ships into the Bay The Chesapeake Bay forms a link in the Intracoastal Waterwayof the bays, sounds and inlets between the off-shore barrier islands and the coastal mainland along the Atlantic coast connecting the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal linking the Bay to the north and the Delaware River with the Albemarle and Chesapeake Canal linking the Bay, to the south, via the Elizabeth Riverby the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth to the Albemarle Sound and Pamlico Sound in North Carolina and further to the Sea Islands of Georgia.
A busy shipping channel dredged by the U. Army Corps of Engineers since the s runs the length of the Bay, is an important transit route for large vessels entering or leaving the Port of Baltimoreand further north through the Chesapeake and Delaware Canal to the ports of Wilmington and Philadelphia on the Delaware River.
During the later half of the 19th century and first half of the 20th century, the Bay was plied by passenger steamships and packet boat lines connecting the various cities on it, notably the Baltimore Steam Packet Company "Old Bay Line". In the later 20th century, a series of road crossings were built.
Memorial Bridge between the state capital of Annapolis, Maryland and Matapeake on the Eastern Shorecrossing Kent Islandwas constructed A second, parallel, span was added in The Chesapeake Bay Bridge-Tunnel was opened for two lanes in and four lanes in Tides in the Chesapeake Bay exhibit an interesting and unique behavior due to the nature of the topography both horizontal and vertical shapewind driven circulation, and how the Bay interacts with oceanic tides.
Research into the peculiar behavior of tides both at the northern and southern extents of the Bay began in the late s. Baltimore, in the northern portion of the Bay, experiences a noticeable modulation to form its mixed tidal nature during spring vs. Spring tides, when the sun-earth-moon system forms a line, cause the largest tidal amplitudes during lunar monthly tidal variations.
In contrast, neap tides, when the sun-earth-moon system forms a right angle, are muted, and in a semi-diurnal tidal system such as that seen at the CBBT site this can be seen as a lowest intertidal range.Significant efforts have been taken and resources expended throughout the 64, square-mile Chesapeake Bay watershed to restore the water quality and living resources of the Bay.
Virginia's efforts are guided through the Chesapeake Bay Program and . Chesapeake Bay Magazine brings you the best of Bay boating, lifestyle, nature, food, and culture. Explore the Chesapeake NPS helps you learn about and enjoy the Chesapeake Bay, the largest estuary in North America.
Here, you can visit major league cities, colonial towns, American Indian landscapes, farms and fishing villages. Chesapeake Collective continues to develop with an increasing presence at this year’s Forum.
The Chesapeake Collective is an intentional effort to create a space for a range of diverse voices and narratives to be expressed, shared, and incorporated into the broader conversation about our common vision for a healthy, flourishing, and resilient watershed.
In EPA established the Chesapeake Bay TMDL, a comprehensive "pollution diet" with accountability measures to restore clean water in the bay and local waters. It set limits for nutrients and sediment to meet water quality standards across the watershed.
Home to more than 17 million people and 3, species of plants and animals, the Chesapeake Bay watershed is truly an extraordinary place.
Stretching across six states and the District of Columbia, the Bay watershed never ceases to amaze with its rich history, .