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Changwoo Jeong 1 Jeong, C. The published version is available from the publisher, subscribing libraries, and the author. Abstract The concept of moral identity based on virtue ethics has become an issue of considerable import in explaining moral behavior.
This attempt to offer adequate explanations of the full range of morally relevant human behavior inevitably provokes boundary issues between ethics and moral psychology. This article especially attempts to show that meaningful links between the two concepts possible by using theoretical frameworks constructed by the most influential philosophers of science such as Kuhn and Lakatos.
Many moral philosophers, moral psychologists, and moral educators have tried to explain the source and mechanism of moral behavior and establish a reliable model. Likewise, philosophers, from Socrates and Aristotle in Ancient Greece, to Kant in the 19th century, to modern virtue philosophers, such as Anscombe or MacIntyre, have tried to discover the source of moral actions Anscombe, ; Aristotle, ; Christian, ; Kant, ; MacIntyre, Therefore, it can be said that the source and mechanism of moral behavior is an issue of considerable import in both the fields of ethics and moral psychology.
In recent years deontological ethics and Kohlbergian tradition in developmental psychology have been criticized because of the lack of explanation for the actual mechanism of moral behavior, as well as the low correlation between moral judgment and moral behavior see Blasi, As an alternative, virtue ethics and a new form of moral psychology based on virtue ethics have been introduced.
Trends from both ethics and moral psychology point to greater interest in virtues and moral identity. Lapsley and Narvaez propose that virtue ethics has led the way and has given many psychologists the conceptual voice to address issues concerning 4 moral identity. To examine the relationship between virtue ethics and moral identity, we must first take note of the theoretical relations between the broader terms, ethics and moral psychology.
Thus, in this paper we investigate the proper relationship between virtue ethics and moral identity based on previous research on the relationship between ethics and moral psychology.
For this purpose, this study begins with a critical review of the primary features of ethics and moral psychology. Then, this study tries to determine the proper relationship between those two concepts using theoretical structures provided by the philosophy of science. He states that the term is also applied to any system or theory of moral values or principles.
Likewise, ethics is commonly regarded as a field of 5 philosophical reflection on first-order beliefs and practices about good and evil by means of which we guide our behavior Hinman, On the other hand, this paper also focuses on moral psychology, an area of psychology that consists of the study of moral conduct, ethical thinking, and values Lapsley, Based upon those two fields, moral psychology can be structured around two related inquiries: We need to pay careful attention to several fallacies when dealing with problems in moral psychology, because these cover a broad area at the intersection of ethics and psychology of mind and action.
From a psychological perspective, one of the most important and controversial issues is that of the naturalistic fallacy. This can occur when we try to induce norms from only empirical facts. Hume defined naturalistic fallacy as inferring that X is good based on any proposition about X's natural properties.
Naturalistic fallacy can also occur if we induce norms from the empirical descriptions in psychology without the consideration of ethics. Sound norms and conclusions are not able to be induced because, as Hume points out, there is a fundamental difference between normative and descriptive-empirical studies.
Doris and Stich argue that empirical research related to human moral functioning is often deeply relevant to important debates in the field of philosophical ethics, and it is therefore intellectually irresponsible to ignore them.
They mention that many controversial issues in ethics such as character, moral motivation, or moral disagreement could be resolved or confirmed by the empirical research detailed in psychological studies see also Musschenga, Consequently, we may conclude that concrete empirical literature can provide fruitful evidence in philosophical ethics that can confirm and make the concepts coherent.
Kohlbergprovides a proper example of the relationship between philosophical ethics and psychology. Firstly, in The Philosophy of Moral Development in which Kohlberg establishes the philosophical basis of moral development, he reviews the ethics theories of Socrates, Kant, Rawls, and other moral philosophers and tries to determine the proper object of moral education—he concludes it is justice—and the proper developmental process of this education—he notes three levels and six stages.
Then, after firm establishment of the philosophical basis, he continues his study on moral psychology, and then publishes The Psychology of Moral Development in which he deals with empirical evidence. In this book, he introduces his own tool to evaluate the human ability to exercise moral judgment and presents the results of longitudinal surveys that confirm the stages of moral development he had proposed in his philosophical work Kohlberg, The philosophical basis provides normative objects and direction for the model and psychological 7 research confirms and justifies the basis.
Recognizing the importance of both sides and of their proper relationship, this paper tries to investigate the proper theoretical relationship between virtue ethics and moral identity. A Theoretical Review of Virtue Ethics and Moral Identity Virtue Ethics in Philosophical Ethics Generally, virtue theory emphasizes the character of the moral agent, rather than rules or consequences, as the key element of ethical thinking.
In Nicomachean Ethics, Aristotle argues that a man is never praised for being afraid, or for being angry, nor is a man blamed for simply feeling anger, but for the manner in which he feels it. He then insists that with reference to our virtues and our vices we are praised and blamed.
Likewise, for Aristotle, virtues are dispositions that are the only criteria of moral behavior and important criteria for a good life Hursthouse, b; Kraut, ; Swanton, Since the concept of a god who has given humanity moral laws has become weaker, ethics based on obligations no longer makes sense.
Instead, she suggests that laws should be based on those virtues which people should have.There is a direct relationship between virtue values and moral concepts in the business place.
The virtue values and the rules that we live by and moral concepts are the principles used to judge. Virtues. Company mission statements and slogans often reference moral virtues based on the values the owner of the company wants to promote.
Values are principles whose implementations, one considers to be of high virtue, irrespective of them being either ethical or unethical. Ethics and Values may . Therefore, we should be aware of bi-directionality when studying the relationship between virtue ethics and moral identity. Conclusion and Implications In this paper we examined the relationship between virtue ethics and moral identity by arguing that it is bi-directional, co-constructive, and interactive. There is a direct relationship between virtue values and moral concepts in the business place. The virtue values and the rules that we live by and moral concepts are the principles used to judge.
For instance, a car dealership might use the slogan. Describe The Relationship Among Virtue Values And Moral Concepts In The Ethical Dilemma will describe the four different types of ethical perspectives. We will start by describing my ethical perspective; which I found out to be "character" from my results on the Ethical Awareness Inventory Assessment.
Relationship Between Virtues and Values. Virtues and values are commonly treated as synonyms, but there is a distinction — virtues are lived values, values in action, values which are achieved. Relationship Between Virtues and Values. Virtues and values are commonly treated as synonyms, but there is a distinction — virtues are lived values, values in action, values which are achieved.
A personal experience to explain the relationship between virtue, values, and moral concepts as they relate to one of the three theories Virtue Ethics Virtue theory is a school of thought in ethics that is centered on the idea that the individual is responsible for all ethical choices.