Philip ii

On the one hand, this imperial project played havoc on the lives of many in the New World, seizing their land, their goldand destroying their cultural heritage and sometimes enforcing conversion to Christianity. The cultural and religious arrogance of this and of other European imperial projects robbed the whole human race of much of its patrimony. On the other hand, millions of people around the world today speak Spanish and feel a kinship with others who homelands were also within the Spanish sphere of influence.

Philip ii

The culture and courtly life of Spain were an important influence in his early life. Philip displayed reasonable aptitude in arms and letters alike.

Philip, though he had good command over Latin and Spanish, never managed to equal his father, Charles Vas a linguist.

Early life and accession

The feeling was mutual. Philip felt himself to be culturally Spanish; he had been born in Spain and raised in the Castilian court, his native tongue was Spanish, and he preferred to live in Spain. This would ultimately impede his succession to the imperial throne.

Philip carried several titles including Prince of Asturias as heir to the Spanish kingdoms and empire. Philip ii the Albret familythe titular ex-sovereigns of Navarre were only tributary princes of the French, but they had not given up their hopes of reclaiming the throne, and were a constant source of irritation and danger to Spain on the Pyrenean frontier.

The marriage would have made Philip the Prince of Bearnand the Philip ii ruler over a large part of southern France, thus leading to opposition from the French nobility under Francis Iwhose intrigues successfully ended the prospects of marriage between the heirs of Habsburg and Albret in The practical lessons in warfare was overseen by the Duke of Alba during the Italian Wars.

Philip was present at the Siege of Perpignan inbut did not see action as the Spanish army under Alba decisively defeated the besieging French forces under the Dauphin of France. His political training had begun a year previously under his father, who had found his son studious, grave, and prudent beyond his years, and having decided to train and initiate him in the government of Spain.

Philip, who had previously been made the Duke of Milan inbegan governing the most extensive empire in the world at the young age of sixteen. Charles left Philip with experienced advisors—notably the secretary Francisco de los Cobos and the general Duke of Alba.

Philip was also left with extensive written instructions which emphasised "piety, patience, modesty, and distrust. Personally, Philip spoke softly, and had an icy self-mastery; in the words of one of his ministers, "he had a smile that cut like a sword.

Historical ceiling preserved in Prado Museum. After living in the Netherlands in the early years of his reign, [7] Philip II decided to return to Spain. Although sometimes described as an absolute monarch, Philip faced many constitutional constraints on his authority. The Spanish Empire was not a single monarchy with one legal system but a federation of separate realms, each jealously guarding its own rights against those of the House of Habsburg.

In practice, Philip often found his authority overruled by local assemblies, and his word less effective than that of local lords. Inthe Morisco Revolt broke out in the southern province of Granada in defiance of attempts to suppress Moorish customs; and Philip ordered the expulsion of the Moriscos from Granada and their dispersal to other provinces.

Despite its immense dominions, Spain was a country with a sparse population that yielded a limited income to the crown in contrast to France, for example, which was much more heavily populated.

Philip ii

Philip faced major difficulties in raising taxes, the collection of which was largely farmed out to local lords.

He was able to finance his military campaigns only by taxing and exploiting the local resources of his empire. The flow of income from the New World proved vital to his militant foreign policy, but nonetheless his exchequer several times faced bankruptcy.

Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born bce —died , Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (– bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son Alexander III the Great. Philip II was born on May 21, , in Valladolid, plombier-nemours.com was the son of Charles V—the reigning Holy Roman emperor—and Isabella of plombier-nemours.com was prepared to succeed Charles almost from birth. As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers. PHILIP II (SPAIN) ( – ; ruled – ) PHILIP II (SPAIN) ( – ; ruled – ), king of Spain. Philip, the firstborn of Charles V (ruled – as Charles I [Spain]; Holy Roman emperor, ruled – ) and Empress Isabella, was reared in Castile. The emperor's frequent absences limited Philip's contact with his .

The whiteness of his skin corresponds to his white stockings and the greenish golden sheen on his armour. Charles V had left Philip with a debt of about 36 million ducats and an annual deficit of 1 million ducats.

This debt caused Phillip II to default on loans in,and This happened because the lenders had no power over the king and could not force him to repay his loans. This made Spain and its possessions difficult to rule, unlike France which, while divided into regional states, had a single Estates-General.

To deal with the difficulties arising from this situation, authority was administered by local agents appointed by the crown and viceroys carrying out crown instructions.

Philip felt it necessary to be involved in the detail and presided over specialized councils for state affairs, finance, war, and the Inquisition. He played groups against each other, leading to a system of checks and balances that managed affairs inefficiently, even to the extent of damaging state business, as in the Perez affair.

View the profiles of people named Philip II. Join Facebook to connect with Philip II and others you may know. Facebook gives people the power to share. King of Spain, only son of the Emperor Charles V, and Isabella of Portugal, b. at Valladolid, 21 May, ; d. at the Escorial, 13 Sept., He was carefully educated in the sciences, learned French and Latin, though he never spoke anything but Castilian, and also showed much interest in architecture and plombier-nemours.com he married his cousin, Maria of Portugal, who died at the birth of Don. Philip II reigned over Macedonia from to B.C. He became the head of an empire that was expanded by his son and successor, Alexander the Great. Born in either or B.C., Philip II.

Following a fire in Valladolid inhe resisted calls to move his Court to Lisbon, an act that could have curbed centralization and bureaucracy domestically as well as relaxed rule in the Empire.Philip II, (born May 21, , Valladolid, Spain—died September 13, , El Escorial), king of the Spaniards (–98) and king of the Portuguese (as Philip I, –98), .

Without Philip's insight and determination, history would never have heard of Alexander the Great. In BCE Attalus, a close friend and Macedonian commander, convinced Philip to marry his niece, Cleopatra Eurydice, and provide a more suitable heir.

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Plutarch wrote, “At the wedding of Cleopatra. Philip II was born in and he died in Philip II became king of Spain in January He governedSpain in her so-called “Golden Age”.

However, his reign saw the economic decline of Spain, her bankruptcy and a disastrous decade from to which included the disaster of the Spanish Armada.. Philip II considered himself to be a traditional Spanish man – he had a love of. Philip II by William Thomas Walsh Sheed and Ward, reprinted by Tan Books Hardcover, pp The study of history is unlike any other academic discipline - save perhaps philosophy - in that it is possible for one's core beliefs about the world to be suddenly and powerfully turned upside down/5(14).

Philip II was born on May 21, , in Valladolid, plombier-nemours.com was the son of Charles V—the reigning Holy Roman emperor—and Isabella of plombier-nemours.com was prepared to succeed Charles almost from birth.

Philip ii

As a child, Philip sometimes received secret memoranda from his father reminding him of the responsibility he bore as his father’s successor and warning him to be wary of advisers.

Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born bce —died , Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (– bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son Alexander III the Great.

Philip II of Macedon - Wikipedia