Click a question below to see the answer What is APA style? I must write a paper in APA style including citations and references. Where do I start?
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Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use. APA American Psychological Association style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. For more information, please consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.
Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. It provides the information necessary for a reader to locate and retrieve any source you cite in the body of the paper.
Each source you cite in the paper must appear in your reference list; likewise, each entry in the reference list must be cited in your text. Your references should begin on a new page separate from the text of the essay; label this page "References" centered at the top of the page do NOT bold, underline, or use quotation marks for the title.
All text should be double-spaced just like the rest of your essay. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.
This is called hanging indentation. Authors' names are inverted last name first ; give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors.
If the work has more than seven authors, list the first six authors and then use ellipses after the sixth author's name.
After the ellipses, list the last author's name of the work. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Present the journal title in full.
Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title. Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or webpages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections. While the APA manual provides many examples of how to cite common types of sources, it does not provide rules on how to cite all types of sources.
Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. For more information, see page of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed.APA Paper Formatting & Style Guidelines Your teacher may want you to format your paper using APA guidelines.
If you were told to create your citations in APA format, your paper should be formatted using the APA guidelines as well. The reference list entry for an e-book includes the author, date, title, and source (URL or DOI).For a chapter in an e-book, include the chapter title and page numbers (if available).
May 05, · The reference list is the last page of your paper. References begin on a separate page from the last page of your writing. Put the word "References" at the top center of the plombier-nemours.comon: Virginia Avenue, Fort Pierce, , FL.
APA style prefers a reference to the print form of a source, even if it is available on the Net. If you have read only the electronic form of an article’s print version, add “Electronic version” in brackets after the title of the article. If an on-line article has been changed from the print version or has additional information, follow the same general format for the author, date, and.
Below is the screen you fill out to make an APA style chapter in a book reference. Notice that this one screen handles multiple types of references including books . APA style calls for a list of references instead of a bibliography or works cited page.
The requirements for a reference list is that all references cited in the text of a paper must be listed alphabetically by the first author's last name.