Visit Website The Huns took a unique approach to warfare. They moved fast and swiftly on the battlefield and fought in seeming disarray, which confused their foes and kept them on the run. They were expert archers who used reflex bows made of seasoned birch, bone and glue. Their arrows could strike a man 80 yards away and seldom missed their mark.
Similarly, the Chinese language also came to be named the "Han language" simplified Chinese: The river, in turn, derives its name from expressions such as Tianhan Chinese: Prior to the Han dynasty, ancient Chinese scholars used the term Huaxia simplified Chinese: This gave rise to a term commonly used nowadays by overseas Chinese as an ethnic identity for the Chinese diaspora — Huaren simplified Chinese: The term is used in everyday conversation and is also an element in the Cantonese word for Chinatown: Hoklo immigrants from Quanzhou settled in coastal regions, and those from Zhangzhou tended to gather on inland plains, while the Hakka inhabited hilly areas.
Clashes between these groups over land, water, and cultural differences led to the relocation of some communities, and, as time passed, varying degrees of intermarriage and assimilation took place. In Taiwan, Han Chinese including both the earlier Han Taiwanese settlers and the recent Mainland Chinese that arrived in Taiwan with Chiang Kai-shek in constitute over 95 percent of the population.
This position has since been taken by Thailand. History of China Because of the overwhelming numerical and cultural dominance of Han culture in China, most of the written history of China can be read as "a history of the Han Chinese", with only passing references to the ethnic minorities in China. Huaxia and Yanhuang The prehistory of the Han Chinese is closely intertwined with both archaeology, biology, historical textual records and mythology.
The ethnic stock to which the Han Chinese originally trace their ancestry from were confederations of late neolithic and early bronze-age agricultural tribes known as the Huaxia that lived along the Guanzhong and Yellow River basins in Northern China. The newly merged Yanhuang Chinese: Although study of this period of history is complicated by the absence of contemporary records, the discovery of archaeological sites has enabled a succession of neolithic cultures to be identified along the Yellow River.
Along the central reaches of the Yellow River were the Jiahu culture ca. Along the lower reaches of the river were the Qingliangang culture ca. Early history Main article: Three Sovereigns and Five Emperors Early ancient Chinese history is largely legendary, consisting of mythical tales intertwined with sporadic annals written centuries to millennia later.
This is a period for which scant reliable archaeological evidence exists—these sovereigns are largely regarded as cultural heroes. Xia dynasty The first dynasty to be described in Chinese historical records is the Xia dynasty c. The civilizational prosperity of the Xia dynasty at this time is thought to have given rise to the name "Huaxia" simplified Chinese: Recent efforts of the Xia—Shang—Zhou Chronology Project drew the connection between the Erlitou culture and the Xia dynasty, but scholars could not reach a consensus regarding the reliability of such history.
The earliest archaeological examples of Chinese writing date back to this period — from characters inscribed on oracle bones used for divination — but the well-developed characters hint at a much earlier origin of writing in China. During the Shang dynasty, people of the Wu area in the Yangtze River Deltawere considered a different tribe, and described as being scantily dressed, tattooed and speaking a distinct language.
Three generations later, King Wu of the Zhou dynasty defeated King Zhou the last Shang kingand enfeoffed the descendants of Taibo in Wu  —mirroring the later history of Nanyuewhere a Chinese king and his soldiers ruled a non-Han population and mixed with locals, who were sinicized over time. By the Tang dynasty, however, this area had become part of the Han Chinese heartland.
It was a period of significant cultural and philosophical diversification known as the Hundred Schools of Thought and ConfucianismTaoism and Legalism are among the most important surviving philosophies from this era.
Qin dynasty The chaotic Warring States period of the Eastern Zhou dynasty came to an end with the unification of China by the western state of Qin after its conquest of all other rival states [ when? To consolidate administrative control over the newly conquered parts of the country, the First Emperor decreed a nationwide standardization of currency, writing scripts, and measurement units, to unify the country economically and culturally.
He also ordered large-scale infrastructure projects such as the Great Wallthe Lingqu Canal and the Qin road system to militarily fortify the frontiers.
In effect, he established a centralized bureaucratic state to replace the old feudal confederation system of preceding dynasties, making Qin the first imperial dynasty in Chinese history. Han dynasty A female servant and male advisor dressed in silk robesceramic figurines from the Western Han era The reign of the first imperial dynasty was to be short-lived.
Under the corrupt rule of his son and successor Huhaithe Qin dynasty collapsed a mere three years later. The Han dynasty BC— CE then emerged from the ensuing civil wars and succeeded in establishing a much longer-lasting dynasty. It continued many of the institutions created by the Qin dynasty, but adopted a more moderate rule.
Under the Han dynasty, arts and culture flourished, while the Han Empire expanded militarily in all directions. Many Chinese scholars such as Ho Ping-ti believe that the concept ethnogenesis of Han ethnicity, though an ancient one, was formally entrenched in the Han dynasty.
Three KingdomsSixteen KingdomsSouthern and Northern DynastiesSui dynastyand Tang dynasty The fall of the Han dynasty was followed by an age of fragmentation and several centuries of disunity amid warfare among rival kingdoms.
During this time, areas of northern China were overrun by various non-Han nomadic peopleswhich came to establish kingdoms of their own, the most successful of which was Northern Wei established by the Xianbei. Starting from this period, the native population of China proper began to be referred to as Hanren, or the "People of Han", to distinguish them from the nomads from the steppe.Paper was invented in China, during the Han Dynasty, between B.C and 23 A.D.
The original paper was thick, coarse, and had an uneven texture.
It was made from pounded and disintegrated hemp fibers. It would be during the times of Han Emperor Wudi (reign B.C.) that Han China's territories would expand in all direction. Wudi launched the military offensives against the Huns, retaking the control of southern China, and invading today's Manchuria and Korea.
Mar 08, · 2, Years of Chinese History! The Mandate of Heaven and Confucius: Crash Course World History #7 In which John introduces you to quite a lot of Chinese . Han dynasty: Han dynasty, the second great imperial dynasty of China ( bce– ce) after the Zhou dynasty (– bce). It succeeded the Qin dynasty (– bce).
So thoroughly did the Han dynasty establish what was thereafter considered Chinese culture that “Han” became the Chinese word denoting someone.
Confucianism, in general, appears to have had a beneficial impact on Han intellectuals. 5 It was during this period that China produced its first male historian, Sima Qian (c.
–86 BCE), who wrote Shi Ji (Historical Records). China's first female historian Helped complete her father's book "History of the Former Han Dynasty" Wrote her own book for women "Lessons for Women" Do you think she is an exception to the rule for women during the Han Dynasty?
urged women to obey Confucian social order and be industrious. Full transcript. More presentations by Kath Brown.