The parish baptismal record gives his birthday as 22 Februaryand cites his given names in the Latin form Fridericus Franciscus  in Polish, he was Fryderyk Franciszek. Fryderyk lived with his family in the Palace grounds. The father played the flute and violin;  the mother played the piano and gave lessons to boys in the boarding house that the Chopins kept.
Instrumentation[ edit ] In the Baroque perioda sonata was for one or more instruments almost always with continuo. After the Baroque period most works designated as sonatas specifically are performed by a solo instrument, most often a keyboard instrument, or by a solo instrument accompanied by a keyboard instrument.
Sonatas for a solo instrument other than keyboard have been composed, as have sonatas for other combinations of instruments.
Although the four, five, or six movements of the sonata da chiesa are also most often in one key, one or two of the internal movements are sometimes in a contrasting tonality Newman a23— The sonata da chiesa, generally for one or more violins and bassconsisted normally of a slow introduction, a loosely fugued allegroa cantabile slow movement, and a lively finale in some binary form suggesting affinity with the dance-tunes of the suite.
This scheme, however, was not very clearly defined, until the works of Arcangelo Corelli when it became the essential sonata and persisted as a tradition of Italian violin music. The sonata da camera consisted almost entirely of idealized dance-tunes.
On the other hand, the features of sonata da chiesa and sonata da camera then tended to be freely intermixed. The term sonata is also applied to the series of over works for harpsichord solo, or sometimes for other keyboard instruments, by Domenico Scarlattioriginally published under the name Essercizi per il gravicembalo Exercises for the Harpsichord.
Most of these pieces are in one binary-form movement only, with two parts that are in the same tempo and use the same thematic material, though occasionally there will be changes in tempo within the sections.
They are frequently virtuosic, and use more distant harmonic transitions and modulations than were common for other works of the time. They were admired for their great variety and invention.
Both the solo and trio sonatas of Vivaldi show parallels with the concerti he was writing at the same time. He composed over 70 sonatas, the great majority of which are of the solo type; most of the rest are trio sonatas, and a very small number are of the multivoice type Newman a— The sonatas of Domenico Paradies are mild and elongated works with a graceful and melodious little second movement included.
Classical period[ edit ] The practice of the Classical period would become decisive for the sonata; the term moved from being one of many terms indicating genres or forms, to designating the fundamental form of organization for large-scale works.
This evolution stretched over fifty years. The term came to apply both to the structure of individual movements see Sonata form and History of sonata form and to the layout of the movements in a multi-movement work.
In the transition to the Classical period there were several names given to multimovement works, including divertimentoserenadeand partitamany of which are now regarded effectively as sonatas. The usage of sonata as the standard term for such works began somewhere in the s.
Haydn labels his first piano sonata as such inafter which the term divertimento is used sparingly in his output. The term sonata was increasingly applied to either a work for keyboard alone see piano sonataor for keyboard and one other instrument, often the violin or cello.
It was less and less frequently applied to works with more than two instrumentalists; for example piano trios were not often labelled sonata for piano, violin, and cello. Initially the most common layout of movements was: Allegro, which at the time was understood to mean not only a tempo, but also some degree of "working out", or development, of the theme.
See Rosen and Rosen A middle movement, most frequently a slow movement: A closing movement was generally an Allegro or a Presto, often labeled Finale.
The form was often a Rondo or Minuet. However, two-movement layouts also occur, a practice Haydn uses as late as the s. Of the works that Haydn labelled piano sonata, divertimento, or partita in Hob XIVseven are in two movements, thirty-five are in three, and three are in four; and there are several in three or four movements whose authenticity is listed as "doubtful.
But increasingly instrumental works were laid out in four, not three movements, a practice seen first in string quartets and symphoniesand reaching the sonata proper in the early sonatas of Beethoven.
However, two- and three-movement sonatas continued to be written throughout the Classical period: Nevertheless, works with fewer or more than four movements were increasingly felt to be exceptions; they were labelled as having movements "omitted," or as having "extra" movements.
Thus, the four-movement layout was by this point standard for the string quartet, and overwhelmingly the most common for the symphony. The usual order of the four movements was: An allegro, which by this point was in what is called sonata formcomplete with exposition, development, and recapitulation.Misc.
Notes The principal editor of the Nocturnes was Woldemar Bargiel.
Publication date from Hofmeister's plombier-nemours.comal scans: . Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (27 January – 5 December ), baptised as Johannes Chrysostomus Wolfgangus Theophilus Mozart, was a prolific and influential composer of the classical era..
Born in Salzburg, Mozart showed prodigious ability from his earliest plombier-nemours.comy competent on keyboard and violin, he composed from the age of five and performed before European royalty.
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Thus, the Naxos label has recently released a five-CD compilation of recordings of the music of Arnold Schoenberg ( - ) by the noted scholar and conductor, Robert Craft. A finale in faster tempo, often in a sonata–rondo form.
and in the sense that a fully elaborated sonata serves as a norm for concert music in general, Piano Sonata No. 1 in C minor Op. 1 () Piano Sonata No. 2 in G minor (incomplete ) Piano Sonata No. 3 in F# minor ().