Professionalism also has to do with how you conduct yourself during your business affairs. True professionals possess a number of important characteristics that can apply to virtually any type of business. Appearance A professional is neat in appearance. Be sure to meet or even exceed the requirements of your company's dress code, and pay special attention to your appearance when meeting with prospects or clients.
See Article History Legal profession, vocation that is based on expertise in the law and in its applications. Although there are other ways of defining the profession, this simple definition may be best, despite the fact that in some countries there are several professions and even some occupations e.
Courtesy of Northwestern University History Distinct legal systems emerged relatively early in history, but legal professions of size and importance are relatively modern. There is not the slightest trace in ancient times of a distinct legal profession in the modern sense. The earliest known legal specialist was the judge, and he was only a part-time specialist.
The chief, prince, or king of small societies discharged the judicial function as part of the general role of political leader. It may be that in some of these cases specialized legal aid to the ordinary citizen did exist, but at levels of social status below the notice of chroniclers or tomb inscriptions and perhaps without benefit of official approval.
Classical beginnings A distinct class of legal specialists other than judges first emerged in Greco- Roman civilization, and, as with the law itself, the main contribution was from Rome in the period from bce to ce.
In the early stages of both Greece and Rome, as later among the German tribes who overran the Roman Empire, there was a prejudice against the idea of specialists in law being generally available for a fee.
The assumption was that the citizen knew the customary law and would apply it in transactions or in litigation personally with advice from kinsmen.
As the law became more complex, men prominent in public life—usually patricians—found it necessary to acquire legal knowledge, and some acquired reputations as experts.
Often they spent periods serving as magistrates and in Rome as priests of the official religion, having special powers in matters of family law. Among the German tribes, noble experts were allowed to assist in litigation, not in a partisan fashion but as interpreters Vorsprecher for those who wished to present a case but felt uncomfortable doing so themselves.
The peculiar system of development of early Roman lawby annual edict and by the extension of trial formulas, gave the Roman patrician legal expert an influential position. He became the jurisconsult, the first nonofficial lawyer to be regarded with social approbationbut he owed this partly to the fact that he did not attempt to act as an advocate at trial—a function left to the separate class of orators—and was prohibited from receiving fees.
The modern legal professional, earning his living by fee-paid legal services, first became clearly visible in the late Roman Empire, when the fiction that a jurisconsult received only gifts was abandoned and when at the same time the permissible fees were regulated.
Changes in the methods of trial and other legal developments caused the jurisconsult to disappear in time. The oratorwho now was required to obtain legal training, became the advocate. A subordinate legal agent of the classical system, the procuratorwho attended to the formal aspects of litigation, took on added importance because later imperial legal procedure depended largely on written documents that the procurators produced.
The jurisconsults had been important as teachers and writers on law; with their decline this function passed to government-conducted law schools at Rome, Constantinople, and Berytus now Beirut and to their salaried professors.
There was also a humbler class of paid legal documentary experts, the tabelliones, who were useful in nonlitigious transactions. Medieval Europe This late Roman pattern of legal organization profoundly influenced the Europe that began to arise from ce after the barbarian invasions; even during the invasions the methods of Roman imperial administration never ceased to be used in some parts of southern France and in central Italy.
The Christian church, which became the official Roman imperial church after ce, developed its own canon lawcourts, and practitioners and followed the general outline of later Roman legal organization.
Because of its success among the invaders, the church was in a position to establish its jurisdiction in many matters of family law and inheritance.
Hence, both the idea of a legal profession and the method of its operation retained sufficient force to offset Germanic and feudal objections to legal representation.
After the revival of learning in the 12th century, in particular the renewed study of Roman law at Bologna, the influence of the late Roman professional system was greatly strengthened. From then on, every country in continental Europe acquired, by various stages and with numerous local variations, a legal profession in which four main constituents could be observed.
Procurators attended to the formal and especially the documentary steps in litigation. Advocateswho usually were university graduates in Romanist learning, gave direct advice to clients and to procurators and presented oral arguments in court. Among a miscellany of legal scribes, the notaries acquired importance because, in addition to being drafting experts, they also authenticated documents and maintained archives.
University teachers of law took over the main task of explaining and adapting the mixture of Roman law and Germanic custom that produced the modern laws of the major European countries and continued to dominate in the scholarly interpretation of the law even after the 19th-century codifications.
The relative importance of these classes varied enormously from place to place and from century to century. At times the teaching doctors almost supplanted the advocates; in some courts the procurators swallowed up the advocates, and in others the converse occurred; only the notaries managed to survive with little change.
England after the Conquest England after the Norman Conquest of also was influenced by Roman example, and the clerics who staffed the Norman and Plantagenet monarchies and who provided the earliest of their judges enabled the notion of a legal profession, and especially of litigious representation, to be accepted.Another example of a regulatory body that governs a profession is the Hong Kong Professional Teachers Union, which governs the conduct, rights, obligations and duties of salaried teachers working in educational institutions in Hong Kong.
This Statement on Standards of Professional Conduct addresses dilemmas and concerns about the practice of history that historians have regularly brought to the American Historical Association seeking guidance and counsel.
Professionalism in the workplace is an essential quality. Your conduct on the job influences your boss's, coworker's, and customer's opinions of you. Many cashiers, maintenance workers, and waitresses can demonstrate a high level of this trait. Nov 19, · The scope of professional culture certainly goes deeper and may involve your general appearance and work ethic/general ethics. Formality is formal, therefore they are looking for someone dressed for prom night per se, not the plombier-nemours.com: Resolved. In assisting the profession in its transition to a doctoring profession, one of the initiatives was to define and describe the concept of professionalism by explicitly articulating what the graduate of a physical therapist program ought to demonstrate with respect to professionalism.
The Academy provides for the establishment, maintenance, and enforcement of high level of professionalism in their practice.
It coordinates its activities with the Actuarial PROFESSIONALISM AND THE PRACTICING ACTUARY. American Academy of Actuaries Council on Professionalism Code of Professional Conduct.
Create and maintain a high level of professionalism in your workplace by applying some simple, yet important guidelines. Educational consultant James Stenson describes professionalism as “a set of internalized character strengths and values directed toward high-quality service to others through one's work.” Take a.
HHS Historical Highlights The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) is the nation's principal agency for protecting the health of all Americans and providing essential human services. Below is a list of major events in HHS history and a list of the Secretaries of HHS/HEW.
Professionalism definition is - the conduct, aims, or qualities that characterize or mark a profession or a professional person. How to use professionalism in a sentence. the conduct, aims, or qualities that characterize or mark a profession or a professional person.