With a highly qualified staff that includes more than software developers, project managers, and IT specialists and analysts, the company has established a reputation for competence and innovation in enterprise systems modernization. Information within each of these applications was stored in separate systems, requiring employees to manually transfer data between systems. In order for paychecks to be issued, for example, data in the time-tracking system had to be manually transferred to the finance and accounting system.
Plain Glazing Ben Sinclair Perhaps the most noticeable and yet misunderstood feature of a historic building is that of its glass and the way that glass influences both the atmosphere and ambience of the building.
The influence of glass can be seen both internally and externally, working in a reflective and refractive capacity.
Externally, the reflective quality of glass will be most noticeable, varying from the crude slab-like appearance of float glass to the subtle shimmer of period cylinder or crown glass. Internally, handmade glass will influence the softness and warmth of incoming light, as well as the appearance of external views through that glass.
The difference between a cold clinical light seen through modern float glass and a warm refracted light through early Victorian cylinder glass is profound.
Before the industrial revolution, furnaces used to make glass were fuelled with charcoal. The industry was nomadic because production depleted forests for fuel. Silica was taken straight from rivers or quarried sand, with little regard for contaminants. Beechwood ash, soda lime, and other materials used in the smelting process also added colour to the glass, which was most commonly green or straw coloured.
Regular production of white glasses was uncommon until the early 19th century, when consistent materials became available, and more efficient coal- then later gas-fired furnaces were introduced.
It is a commonly held misconception that all historic windows were glazed with crown glass. Both cylinder or broad glass and crown glass methods of handmade flat glass production survived alongside each other until the 20th century, when crown glass declined into obscurity.
Often harsh taxation regimes tended to promote one method over another, causing variations in production techniques in differing periods. Much mid and late 18th century glass was crown, where thin glass attracted less duty being taxed by weight.
However, by the mid 19th century, glass production was again dominated by the cylinder method. This building used just over 80,m2 glass, approximately one third of the English annual production at that time. Packington Hall, at Meriden in the Midlands, glazed c has a good mix of both white crown and white cylinder glass.
Slab Glass The earliest and most primitive form of window glass, made by casting molten glass as a thick slab onto a bench or flat surface, often within a mold. Cylinder Glass A handmade mouth-blown glass made by blowing a bottle-shaped cylinder and removing the two ends.
The cylinder is then cut, reheated and unrolled to give a flat piece of glass which is then annealed slowly. Recognisable by naturally distorted movement without pattern. Crown Glass A handmade mouth-blown and spun glass, made by first blowing a sphere which is then opened out at one end and spun into a flat disc.
Several panes of crown glass may be cut out of each disc. Recognisable by curvilinear, naturally distorted movement. Often panes are slightly bowed as a result of a secondary annealing process. Polished PlateGlass Slab glass, ground and polished on both sides. Used initially for mirrors then grand windows, it was a prohibitively expensive 19th century glass, but was truly flat.
Easily replaced today by float glass. Drawn Sheet Glass First produced in the early 20th century, this machine-made glass was drawn vertically out of a glass furnace, or Lehr, in sheet form between rollers.
Recognisable by some movement in the glass in the vertical plane, but of consistent thickness and flatness. Modern drawn sheet is usually imported from Eastern Europe, for the greenhouse trade.
Used in an inferior attempt to replicate handmade glass. Float Glass The ubiquitous glass of today, made by floating molten glass over a bed of liquid tin.Documents used in researching this project.
This study has not been carried out with the rigour which would usually characterise an academic research subject. Customer Case Studies highlighting Customer and Partner success with Cisco products and solutions. Find your Industry. Building Automation Global Portal and Resources including our online magazine The Automator, Industry Articles, Links, Software, Events, Products and Service Directories, News Releases New Products.
WASHINGTON (Sinclair Broadcast Group) — The past few days have been a whirlwind of news alerts, graphic footage and trending hashtags about the violence that boiled up over the weekend. Upton Beale Sinclair Jr.
was born in Baltimore, Maryland, on September 20, He was the only child of Upton Beall Sinclair and Priscilla Harden.
His father worked at different times selling liquor, hats, and men's clothes. He also struggled with poverty and a drinking problem. Young Upton was a. A custom home by Matthew Sinclair is a true masterpiece that defines the quality, luxury and European craftsmanship that can only be found by this home builder in Cape Coral.