Rum stood for the liquor interests and the tavernkeepers, in contrast to the GOP, which had a strong dry element.
Grover Cleveland At the end of the war, the South was a region devastated by war, burdened by debt and demoralized by racial warfare.
As time passed, it became obvious that the problems of the South were not being solved by radical reconstruction, harsh laws and continuing rancor against former Confederates.
In MayCongress passed a general Amnesty Act, restoring full political rights to all but about Confederate sympathizers. The country became a leading industrial power. Great factories and steel mills, flourishing cities and vast agricultural holdings marked the land.
The first transcontinental railroad was completed inand bythe United States had more rail mileage than all of Europe. The petroleum, steel and textile industries prospered.
An electrical industry flourished as Americans made use of a series of inventions: The South, however, remained even thirty years after the Civil War largely poor, overwhelmingly agrarian and economically dependent.
Its society enforced a rigid social segregation of blacks from whites, and tolerated recurrent racial violence.
By the frontier had disappeared. Government policy had been to move the Indians beyond the reach of the white frontier but the reservations had become smaller and more crowded and tribal treaty rights were often abused. The last decades of the 19th century were a period of imperial expansion for the United States, as it extended its influence, and at times its domain, over widely scattered areas in the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans and into Central America.
InAmerica purchased Alaska from Russia. Within a few years after the end of the Spanish-American War inthe United States was exercising control or influence over islands in the Caribbean Sea, the mid-Pacific and close to the Asian mainland.
When the Hawaiian royal government announced its intention to end foreign influence inAmerican businessmen joined with influential Hawaiians to install a new government, and in July the islands were annexed.
With economic growth and affluence came corresponding problems. Nationwide, businesses came to dominate whole industries, either independently or in combination with others. Trusts - huge combinations of corporations - tried to establish monopoly control over some industries.
The Sherman Antitrust Act of banned trusts, mergers, and business agreements "in restraint of trade. Working conditions were often poor and even in good times wages were low, hours long and working conditions hazardous.
Periodic economic crises swept the nation, further eroding industrial wages and producing high levels of unemployment.
At the same time, the technological improvements, which added so much to the nation's productivity, continually reduced the demand for skilled labor.
Yet the unskilled labor pool was constantly growing, as unprecedented numbers of immigrants -- 18 million between and -- entered the country.
Cities grew so quickly they could not properly house or govern their growing populations. Texts are abridged from U. What kind of information materials are available? Selected documents are available in German as well as other languages, including Arabic, Chinese, French, Spanish, Persian and Turkish.
The views and opinions expressed in any referenced document do not necessarily state or reflect those of the United States Government.Through the guidance of Dr. Stephen Sullivan, this course will cover the period of United States history from the end of the Civil War to the present, with the majority .
The New Deal period, especially up to , may show how the Supreme Court s power was primarily that of opposition to the other branches of government. However, this opposition is part of the constitutional separation of powers, but its use is dependent upon the desires of the justices.
Th. The Great Depression was the worst economic downturn in world history. Learn about the Dust Bowl, New Deal, causes of the Great Depression, a Great Depression timeline more.
A New Deal For The United States - This administration gave direct relief in the form of money as aid to the states, which cycled through to local agencies to distribute the funds to the needy and unemployed.
Start studying US Great Depression and New Deal. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. "Okies" are MOST associated with what era of United States History? the "First Hundred Days" and the introduction of the New Deal.
INTRODUCTION RETHINKING THE NEW DEAL IN AMERICAN HISTORY My argument can be stated boldly and succinctly: the politi - During this period, the central government used its A Monetary History of the United States. This school of.