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Hosting[ edit ] Map of Summer Olympic Games locations — countries that have hosted one Summer Olympics are shaded green, while countries that have hosted two or more are shaded blue The United States has hosted the Summer Olympic Games more times than any other nation: Inthe United Kingdom hosted its third Summer Olympic Games in the capital city, Londonwhich became the first city ever to have hosted the Summer Olympic Games three times.
InFrance will host its third Summer Olympic Games in its capital, making Paris the second city ever to have hosted three Summer Olympics. InLos Angeles will become the third city ever to have hosted the Games three times.
The IOC has selected TokyoJapan, to host the Summer Olympicswhen it will become the first city outside the Western world to have hosted the Summer Olympics more than once, having already hosted the Games in Historically, the Summer Olympics has been held predominantly in English-speaking countries and European nations.
The Games in Rio de JaneiroBrazil, were the first Summer Olympics to be held in South America and the first that were held during the local winter season. The only two countries in the Southern Hemisphere to have hosted the Summer Olympics have been Australiaand Brazil Africa has yet to host a Summer Olympics.
StockholmSweden, has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having been sole host of the Gamesand hosting the equestrian events at the Summer Olympics which they are credited as jointly hosting with MelbourneAustralia.
Early years[ edit ] The opening ceremony of the first modern Olympic Games in the Panathenaic Stadium The modern Olympic Games were founded in when Pierre de Coubertin sought to promote international understanding through sporting competition. Nevertheless, no international events of this magnitude had been organised before.
Female athletes were not allowed to compete, though one woman, Stamata Revithiran the marathon course on her own, saying "If the committee doesn't let me compete I will go after them regardless". It was the first Olympic Games held in the Modern era. Aboutpeople attended for the opening of the games.
The athletes came from 14 nations, with most coming from Greece. Although Greece had the most athletes, the U. It was unanimously chosen as the host city during a congress organised by Pierre de Coubertina French pedagogue and historian, in Paris, on 23 June The IOC was also established during this congress.
Despite many obstacles and setbacks, the Olympics were regarded as a great success. The Games had the largest international participation of any sporting event to that date.
Panathinaiko Stadiumthe first big stadium in the modern world, overflowed with the largest crowd ever to watch a sporting event. He won in 2 hours 58 minutes and 50 seconds, setting off wild celebrations at the stadium. The most successful competitor was German wrestler and gymnast Carl Schuhmannwho won four gold medals.
However, the Summer Olympics were already planned for Paris and, except for the Intercalated Gamesthe Olympics did not return to Greece until the Summer Olympics.
Four years later the Summer Olympics in Paris attracted more than four times as many athletes, including 20 women, who were allowed to officially compete for the first time, in croquetgolfsailingand tennis. The Games were integrated with the Paris World's Fair and lasted over 5 months.
It is still disputed which events exactly were Olympic, since few or maybe even none of the events were advertised as such at the time. Dorando Pietri finishes the modern marathon at the current distance Numbers declined for the Games in St.
Louis, MissouriUnited States, due in part to the lengthy transatlantic boat trip required of the European competitors, and the integration with the Louisiana Purchase Exposition World's Fairwhich again spread the event out over an extended period.
In contrast with Paristhe word Olympic was used for practically every contest, including those exclusively for school boys or for Irish-Americans. A series of smaller games were held in Athens in The IOC does not currently recognise these games as being official Olympic Games, although many historians do.
The Athens games were the first of an alternating series of games to be held in Athens, but the series failed to materialise. The games were more successful than the and games, with over athletes competing, and contributed positively to the success of future games.
The London Games saw numbers rise again, as well as the first running of the marathon over its now-standard distance of The new marathon distance was chosen to ensure that the race finished in front of the box occupied by the British royal family.The startline for your career in motorsport.
The sport of Formula 1 is an exciting, fast and glamorous business and its global popularity seems to be ever increasing.
The article you have been looking for has expired and is not longer available on our system. This is due to newswire licensing terms. The descending popularity of downhill skiing in America By Roberto A.
Ferdman February 11, Skiing appears to be headed downhill . English vocabulary word lists and various games, puzzles and quizzes to help you study them. The Alps are a crescent shaped geographic feature of central Europe that ranges in a km ( mi) arc from east to west and is km ( mi) in width.
Medications are yet another huge topic, but we discuss some of them on the podcast. A few tabs of naproxen, ibuprofen, and/or acetaminophen are nice to have, especially on multi-day trips.